Going through a miscarriage is undoubtedly one of the hardest things that a woman has to go through. Even if you have prepared yourself by reading up on early miscarriage symptoms, it is still a shocking thing to have to experience. You cannot blame yourself for what happened as most of the time, miscarriages are out of anyone’s control. It is perfectly fine to grieve and mourn for your unborn child, but always remember that it was not your fault. Give your body and mind time to recover and when you are ready, try again.
What Is An Early Miscarriage?
An early miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy within the first 12 weeks of conception. Unfortunately, this occurs relatively often with some mothers completely unaware that they were even pregnant to begin with. Studies have shown that only a quarter of all fertilized eggs actually make it to full term, while the other three quarters are lost during the early stages of pregnancy. Most recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage during the early stages. Sadly, this tends to happen to one out of four pregnancies. The silver lining is that many women who have been through the crushing blow of a miscarriage go on to have successful pregnancies the next time around. Roughly one out of a hundred women have recurrent miscarriages. If you are one of these women, it is advisable for you to seek counseling and advice from your doctor on the other childbearing options available to you such as surrogacy, in vitro fertilization, adoption, and more.
Why Do Miscarriages Happen?
There are many reasons why a pregnancy can terminate on its own. When it comes to early miscarriages, the most common cause is because the embryo is not able to develop well. Chromosome faults are said to be why development does not happen as it should. In order for the baby to develop and grow well, it requires the right number of normal chromosomes, and that is 23 from its mother and 23 from its father. Abnormalities such as not having the right number of chromosomes, changes to the chromosome’s structure, and other issues can prevent the baby from developing normally. When this occurs, the pregnancy will naturally terminate within the first trimester. Studies have shown that women over the age of 35 have a higher risk of undergoing early miscarriages. This has to do with the aforementioned chromosome fault as the older the mother is, the higher her chances of having problems with her chromosomes. Besides that, the following women are also at a risk of having a miscarriage:
Smokers have a higher risk of having a miscarriage than non smokers. Studies have shown that women who smoke more than 10 sticks a day double their chances of a miscarriage than those who do not smoke at all. This is especially true if you continue to smoke even after you find out that you are pregnant.
Heavy alcohol drinkers risk having a miscarriage even if they do not drink during their pregnancy. Anything more than four glasses of wine a week can put you at risk for having a miscarriage in the future. If you are someone who enjoys having a drink, you should cleanse and detox your system from alcohol before attempting to get pregnant.
3. Drug Users
The use of recreational drugs is no laughing matter. Even something as natural and seemingly harmless as cannabis can put your future baby at risk, what more hard drugs like cocaine and heroin? If you want a baby, you need to lay off recreational drug use starting now.
Obese and overweight women have a higher chance of having a miscarriage than those with a healthy BMI. This is why doctors and researchers recommend that overweight women try to shed the pounds and attain a healthy weight before trying to get pregnant.
Miscarriages tend to happen to women who have abnormalities particularly within the reproductive areas such as the ovaries, womb, cervix and uterus.
6. Medical Condition
If you suffer from a medical condition, there is a high chance that you may have a miscarriage. From cancer to diabetes, if you are not well then there is a chance that you will not be able to carry your baby to term.
7. Extreme Stress
When you are stressed out, you transfer much of that stress onto your embryo. Stress and an unhealthy lifestyle go hand in hand. Whether you are not getting enough sleep, overworking yourself or not eating nutritious foods, extreme stress can cause you to have a miscarriage.
What Are The Signs To Look Out For?
Although the rule of thumb is to always be positive and hope for the best, it is realistic to prepare yourself for the worst. If you are trying to have a baby, it is best that you read up on early miscarriage symptoms so that you will not be frightened or go into a panic if it happens to you. Sadly, there is no way to stop a miscarriage from happening once it starts, but it is always best to be prepared no matter the circumstances. Although the physical process of losing a baby will vary from person to person, here are some warning signs to look out for.
1. Vaginal Bleeding
A typical warning sign that you are having a miscarriage is consistent vaginal bleeding. This could carry on for several days up to a couple of weeks. From heavy bleeding to light spotting, the severity of the bleeding will depend on each individual. Whether you experience heavy bleeding that expels red blood, or light spotting of brown blood, any type of vaginal bleeding during a pregnancy should be taken seriously. With that said, you should keep in mind that light vaginal bleeding and spotting is not uncommon during the first couple months of a pregnancy and does not necessary denote a miscarriage. If this happens, make an appointment to see your doctor as soon as possible to make sure.
2. Bad Abdominal Cramps
If you experience mild to severe lower tummy and back pain, there is a chance that you may be experiencing a miscarriage. Depending on the woman, this pain could be consistent or sporadic. Either way, it is not good news so head to the emergency room right away if this happens to you.
3. Passing Of Tissue
You may be someone who does not experience any symptoms of having a miscarriage until tissue is expelled from your vagina. This tissue will look like clear or pink clotted fluid. Some women experience heavy bleeding with numerous blood clots. Either way, anything abnormal being released from your vagina should be paid attention to so see a doctor immediately.
4. Loss Of Pregnancy Symptoms
Some women do not display any of the symptoms mentioned above and go about their days oblivious to the miscarriage. So how can you tell that you had a miscarriage if you did not experience any of the tell tale signs? Well, you need to pay attention to your pregnancy symptoms. If you lose your typical pregnancy symptoms such as breast tenderness, nausea and morning sickness, there is a chance that you may have miscarried. If this happens to you, immediately schedule an appointment with your doctor to get an ultrasound scan done. This is the best way to determine if your fetus has passed.